This post summaries notes from official guidence of IELTS.

Listening skills

Getting ready to listen

  • understanding the context
  • listening for specific details
  • using correct spelling
  • understanding numbers

Following a conversation

  • identifying the speakers
  • identifying function
  • understanding categories
  • matching items
  • completing notes
  • completing a table

Recognising paraphrase

  • identifying distractors
  • recognising paraphrase
  • selecting from a list
  • matching items
  • sentence completion

Places and directions

  • understanding a description of a place
  • following directions
  • labelling a map
  • mutiple choice

Listening for actions and processes

  • understanding mechanical parts
  • describing actions
  • describing a process
  • labelling a diagram

Attitude and opinion

  • identifying attitudes and opinions
  • presuading and suggesting
  • reaching a decision
  • multiple choice
  • matching items

Following a lecture or talk

  • identifying main ideas
  • understanding how ideas are connected
  • understanding an explanation
  • completing a summary
  • short-answer questions

Contrasting ideas

  • signposting words
  • comparing and contrasting ideas
  • using notes to follow a talk
  • table completion
  • notes completion

Reading skills

Reading strategies

  • using the features of a passage
  • understanding explanations
  • skimming a text and speed reading
  • global understanding of a passage

Descriptive passages

  • scanning for specific details
  • recognising paraphrases
  • completing notes or a flow-chart
  • labelling a diagram

Understanding the main ideas

  • distinguishing main ideas from supporting ideas
  • understanding the main points
  • identifying information in Reading passage
  • matching headings
  • multiple choice
  • True/False/Not Given

Locating and matching information

  • identifying types of information
  • locating and matching information
  • connecting ideas
  • matching sentence endings
  • matching information

Discursive passages

  • reading discursive passages
  • identifying theories and opinions
  • matching features

Multiple-choice questions

  • understanding longer pieces of text
  • different types of multiple-choice questions
  • answering multiple-choice questions
  • identifying a writer’s purpose

Opinions and attitudes

  • dealing with argumentative texts
  • identifying a writer’s views/claims
  • identifying grammatical features
  • Yes/No/Not Given questions
  • summary completion with box
  • summary completion without a box

General training reading

  • understanding the different sections of the test
  • scanning a passage for specific details
  • recognising paraphrase
  • dealing with multiple passages
  • understanding wotk-related passages
  • matching questions to parts of a text


Descruibing a chart,table or graph

  • understanding Academic Writing Task 1
  • understanding charts, tables and graphs
  • identifying relevant information
  • improving your Task Achievement score

Comparing and contrasting graphs and tables

  • avoiding repetition
  • comparing and contrasting data
  • describing changes in numbers
  • grammatical range and accuracy
  • describing numbers and figures accurately

Describing diagrams

  • understanding a diagram
  • describing a process-coherence and cohesion

Describing maps

  • describing a map
  • describing changes in a place
  • being accurate

Getting ready to write

  • understanding the task
  • improving your Task Response Score
  • planning and organising your ideas
  • writing and introduction

Expressing your ideas clearly

  • linking your ideas
  • using the correct style
  • being accurate with vocabulary
  • avoiding repetition
  • using the correct style
  • expressing a personal view
  • reaching a conclusion

Checking and correcting

  • developing your ideas clearly
  • grammatical accuracy
  • assessing your language level
  • checking and correcting
  • using correct punctuation


Part 1

  • getting ready to speak
  • talking about familiar topics
  • using the correct tense
  • Grammatical Range and Accuracy

Part 2 - Giving a talk

  • understanding the task
  • improving your Fluency abd Coherence
  • keeping going
  • organising your notes and your talk

Part 3 - Taking about abstract topics

  • talking about abstract topics
  • giving your personal opinion
  • agreeing and disagreeing
  • improving your Lexical Resource score

Checking, correcting and assessing

  • dealing with problems
  • pronounciation and intonation
  • running words together (chunking)
  • assessing your level